The above graphic shows that Rajasthan is most affected by Fluorosis, followed by Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The data is sourced from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s answer to question 3296 in Lok Sabha, on April 1, 2014.
Fluoride, which usually enters the body through contaminated water is the chief reason behind Fluorosis and it accumulates on bones, replacing calcium. In earlier stages, there is an onset of pain. It then changes the bone structure dramatically making the movement of the joints difficult.
In extreme cases, once it gets fully entrenched on the bones, it can completely hinder the movement in the people affected by it. It impacts the physical appearance of a person’s hands, limbs and back – the three areas that are affected by it the most.